There are four Vedas, which are the primary texts of Hinduism. The Vedas contain hymns, incantations, and rituals. They also had a vast influence on Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism.
The 4 Vedas are:
- Rig Veda
- Sama Veda
- Yajur Veda
- Atharva Veda
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(Oldest of the 4, was composed approx. around 1500 B.C. - codified approx. around 600 B.C. – committed to writing approx. around 300 B.C.)
Complete English Translation by Ralph Griffith (1896).
Complete Rig Veda in Sanskrit, Unicode Devanagari Script and Standard Romanization.
Vedic Hymns, Part I (SBE 32)
Vedic Hymns to the Maruts, Rudra, Vayu and Vata. Translated by F. Max Muller (1891)
Translation and analysis of the Vedic Hymns to the Storm Gods.
Vedic Hymns to Agni. Translated by Hermann Oldenberg (1897)
(Excerpts) Introduction to the Dramatis Personae of the Rig Veda, by A.A. Macdonell (1917)
Collection of Hymns used by the priests during the Soma sacrifice. Many of them are duplicated in part or whole from the Rig Veda. Complete translation by Ralph Griffith (1895).
The Black Yajur Veda (Taittiriya Sanhita)
Complete translation of the Black Yajur Veda, which is a detailed manual of the Vedic sacrificial rites. Translated by Arthur Berriedale Keith (1914).
The White Yajur Veda
Complete translation of the White Yajur Veda, translated by Ralph T.H. Griffith (1899).
While containing some materials from the Rig Veda, it also contains numerous incantations and metaphysical texts, which this anthology (Sacred books of the East) collects and categorizes. It was written around 200 B.C., but may have been composed around 1,000 B.C.
The unabridged translation by Ralph Griffith (1895-1896).
Sacred Books of the East (Vol 42) translation with selected hymns, translated by Maurice Bloomfield (1897).
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