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Later Hindu Texts

The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali

Describes an early stage in the philosophy and practice of Yoga.  Dating from around 150 B.C., it shows dualist and Buddhist influences and is a required reading if you are interested in Yoga or meditation. Translated by Charles Johnston (1912).

The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali
Another translation of this text of Yoga.

The Hatha Yoga Pradipika
The oldest existing writings about Hatha Yoga, with the full Sanskrit text, translated by Pancham Sinh (1914).

Dakshinamurti Stotra
Compares the Hindu schools of thought on the nature of reality. Translated by Alladi Mahadeva Sastri (1920).

The Sánkhya Aphorisms of Kapila
Translated by James R. Ballantyne (1885).

Kalidasa: Translations of Shakuntala and Other Works
The Master Dramas of the “Shakespear of India”, including Shakuntala by Kalidasa (5th century C.E.), translated by Arthur W. Ryder (1914).

The Little Clay Cart
The earliest Indian drama, with comedic manners, cast of courtesans, kings and scoundrels, written by Shudraka, translated by Arthur W. Ryder (1905).

Verses of Vemana
The Verses of devotion by Dravidian South Indian Poet.  By Vemana (17th century), translated from Telegu by C. P. Brown (1829).

Black Marigolds
Caurapancasika by Bilhana (11th century poet), translated by Edward Powys Mathers (1919).

Vikram and the Vampire
The tales of a vampire Scheherazade.  Translated by Sir Richard Burton (1870).

Hymns of the Tamil Saivite Saints
The popular Tamil Hindu devotional poetry by worshippers of the God Shiva.  Translated by F. Kingsbury and G. P. Phillips (1829).

Songs of Kabîr
Kabir’s mystical and devotional poetry, attempts to find common ground between Hindus and Muslims.  Written by Kabir, translated by Rabindranath Tagore, introduction by Evelyn Underhill, New York, The Macmillan Company (1915).

Yoga Vashisht or Heaven Found
Excerpts from the shorter Yoga Vasishta, by Rishi Singh Gherwal (1930).



Related Recommended Reading:


The Hindu Epics




Other Primary Hindu Texts

Modern Hindu Books

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